The article presents the results of a study of forests in the Gabala district. As a result of taxonomic analysis, 235 taxa united in 4 divisions, 5 classes, 28 orders, 58 families and 161 genera were found to grow in the study area. Among the studied taxa, 17 endemics of the Caucasus, 1 endemic of Azerbaijan and 12 rare endangered species were identified. According to their life forms, 185 taxa are herbaceous, 50 - woody and semi-woody forms. Of the total number (235) species growing in the forests of the Gabala district, 164 species are medicinal, 29 - food, 52 - decorative, 10 - dyeing, 13 - technical. Study of the ontogenetic and demographic structure of coenopopulations (CP) of rare and vulnerable taxa Platanthera chlorantha (CP 1, CP 2), Listera ovata (CP 3, CP 4), Cephalanthera rubra (CP 5, CP 6), Dactylorhiza romana subsp. georgica (CP 7), Epipactis palustris (CP 8) showed that all CPs are normal, however, due to the absence of senile and subsenile individuals, they are incomplete (with the exception of CP 1). According to the indices Δ and ω CP 1, CP 4, CP 7 are young, and CP 2, CP 3, CP 5, CP 6 and CP 8 - mature.