ISSN 2617-8001 (Print), ISSN 2664-5297 (Online)
Aygun V. Mammadova, Yusif T. Abiyev

The article provides a list of 15 species of medicinal mosses found in the bryoflora of Azerbaijan. Brief information on medicinal properties, location and distribution of each species is given. It has been established that in the local bryoflora, leafy mosses of Sphagnum, Amblystegium, Bryum, Philonotis, Mnium, Polytrichum genera and liverwort of Marchantia genus are represented by the largest number. Azerbaijan has a significant resource of medicinal plants, including mosses. However, the question of the use of an extensive group of bryophytes in medicine is still ignored. According to the literature data, mosses as raw material and their extract possess medicinal properties and widely used by some communities. Currently, more than 500 species of mosses are recorded in the flora of Azerbaijan, of them Sphagnum subsekundum Nees, Sphagnum centralе C. Jens, Polytrichum commune Hedw., Polytrichum junipennum Hedw., Leptodictyum riparium (Hedw.) Warnst., Marchantia polymorpha L., Conocephalum conicum (L.) Dum., Bryum argenteum Hedw., Bryum capillare Hedw., Bryum intermedium (Brid.) Turton, Mnium spinosum (Voit) Schwaegr., Mnium marginatum (Dicks.) P. Beauv., Philonotis marchica (Hedw.) Brid., Amblystegium serpens (Hedw.) B.S.G. are widely distributed species of the medicinal importance. The article represents a brief information about the species including their distribution area and uses.

Keywords: bryophyta, indigenous knowledge, Mnium, peculiarities, Polytrichum, Sphagnum, species, traditional medicines