The article presents the species composition, bioecological features and the possibility of using of food plants in the flora of the Central Lesser Caucasus (CLC) within Azerbaijan. During the taxonomic analysis of the species composition of food plants, it was identified 209 species united in 157 genera belonging to 59 families. It was revealed that among the identified food plants predominate perennial grasses (95 species) and annual grasses (46 species), followed by shrubs (24 species), trees (26 species), and the smallest number of species is represented in the group of biennial grasses (21 species). In relation to moisture, 6 ecological types were identified, among them predominate mesophytes (91 species) and xerophytes (78 species), followed by mesoxerophytes (23 species), xeromesophytes (20 species) and mesohygrophytes (1 species). It was found that of the identified food plants, about 50 species use leaves, both fresh and boiled, in 42 species, along with leaves, roots, rhizomes, bulbs, and fruits are also used for food purposes.